east, leaving Lwow and Drobobycz (the oil-fields) to Poland, was recom-
mended unanimously with the approval of Sir Eyre Crowe., British repre-
sentative—if Eastern Galicia was to be divided between Poland and an
independent Galician-Ukrainian State. It was not to be anticipated that
Eastern Galicia would be handed to those Bolsheviks whom England and
France had fought in an effort to wipe them from the face of the earth.
And furthermore, at the time of the post-war settlement, there had also
never been any question of giving it to Russia ....
Dwelling on the territorial aspects of the problem of Poland, the Prime
Alinister praised the areas which he hoped she would receive as £ com-
pensation ' at the cost of Germany,, but he was carefal to avoid mentioning
what else she would receive in addition to Danzig and part of East Prussia.
He referred contemptuously to the Piipet Marshes (: a most desolate
region '), stating that these territories behind me ' Curzon Line 5 formed
a * third of Poland/ when, in fact, it was at least 46.5 per cent, of the
Polish State. Eden also supported the Prime Minister in his theory
and when he quoted the figures of the population between the Lines A
and B, diminished the number of Polish inhabitants in Eastern Galicia.
He said : <c out of a total of about 1,500,000, there were (in 1931) over
500,000 Ukrainians, little more than 250,000 Poles and the rest Jews."
According to this statement, the number of Jews was equal to the total
of Ukrainians and Poles combined. In actual fact, the number of Poles
in this area was 750,000 and when the problem of the division of Eastern
Galicia between Poland and some future independent Ukraine arose in
1919, the Allied Powers had for this very reason proposed that this area
(the Lwow region) should belong to Poland. Eden resorted to the
Russian (and Hitler's) racial theories to justify his reduction in the figure
of the number of Poles in Eastern Poland, and expressed doubts as to
whether the Jews and the Orthodox and Greek Catholics, who recognised
themselves as Poles in the census, should, in fact, be acknowledged as such.
The entire trend of the Foreign Secretary's speeches was intended to con-
vey to his audience that this area contained no more than " one-third
Polish inhabitants." But, in fact, that proporiion was nearer forty per
cent, and would have been much higher had it not been for the ruthless
campaign of russification and systematic extermination for well over a
century. Eden carefully avoided the issue that Eastern Gaiicia and the
whole of Eastern Poland contained no Russian population and also that
small point, as to whether or not the inhabitants would be willing to
transfer their State allegiance from Poland to Russia. Since the British
Government had taken the stand that they should defend the Soviets'
claims against Poland, the main speeches in the debate, i.e., Churchill and
Eden, repeated in detail (except for the open insults) the Soviets' catalogue
of arguments. Of these, the c Curzon Line ' was hammered the most.
From the first moment, when this type of argument was brought forward,
those who knew the Soviets' tactics had no doubts but that this c line *